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Functional bowel disorder agents are different classes of drugs that work by different mechanisms to relieve symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, chronic bloating, diarrhea and constipation.

See also

  • chloride channel activators
  • peripheral opioid receptor antagonists
  • serotoninergic neuroenteric modulators

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Cephalosporins are a group of broad spectrum, semi-synthetic beta-lactam antibiotics derived from the mould Cephalosporium. They are divided into three groups: Cephalosporin N and C are chemically related to penicillins and Cephalosporin P a steroid antibiotic resembles fusidic acid.

The mechanism of action of cephalosporins is the same as penicillins. They interfere with bacterial cell wall synthesis.

Semisynthetic broad-spectrum cephalosporins have been produced by the addition of different side chains, to the Cephalosporin C nucleus.

They are classified according to the chronological order in which they were produced.

Fourth generation cephalosporins followed the third generation cephalosporins.

See also

Medical conditions associated with fourth generation cephalosporins:

  • Bacteremia
  • Febrile Neutropenia
  • Intraabdominal Infection
  • Kidney Infections
  • Nosocomial Pneumonia
  • Pneumonia
  • Skin and Structure Infection
  • Skin Infection
  • Urinary Tract Infection

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants appear to increase the availability of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), an inhibitory neurotransmitter. They have several mechanisms of action. They have inhibitory action against GABA transaminase, which breaksdown GABA. This leads to increased concentration of GABA in the synapses. Other proposed mechanisms of action that account for their anticonvulsant properties is they either enhance the action of GABA or mimic its action at postsynaptic receptor sites. They also block voltage gated sodium channels and T-type calcium channels, and cause inhibitory activity in the brain.

Fatty acid derivatives are broad-spectrum anticonvulsant drugs, which are effective against most types of seizures. They can be used to treat absence seizures, tonic-clonic seizures, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and complex partial seizures.

See also

Medical conditions associated with fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants:

  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Epilepsy
  • Hyperekplexia
  • Mania
  • Migraine Prevention
  • Schizoaffective Disorder
  • Seizure Prevention
  • Seizures

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Factor Xa inhibitors are anticoagulants that block the activity of clotting factor Xa and prevents blood clots developing or getting worse. Factor Xa is generated by both the extrinsic and intrinsic coagulation pathways, it activates prothrombin to thrombin, which activates the final components of the coagulation pathway to form clots.

Factor Xa inhibitors are generally used as prophylaxis in patients having hip and knee replacement surgery, where blood clots can form and lead to deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.

See also

Medical conditions associated with factor Xa inhibitors:

  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis Prophylaxis after Abdominal Surgery
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis Prophylaxis after Hip Replacement Surgery
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis Prophylaxis after Knee Replacement Surgery
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis, Prophylaxis
  • Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation
  • Pulmonary Embolism

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Cephalosporins are a group of broad spectrum, semi-synthetic beta-lactam antibiotics derived from the mould Cephalosporium. They are divided into three groups: Cephalosporin N and C are chemically related to penicillins and Cephalosporin P a steroid antibiotic resembles fusidic acid.

The mechanism of action of cephalosporins is the same as penicillins. They interfere with bacterial cell wall synthesis.

Semisynthetic broad-spectrum cephalosporins have been produced by the addition of different side chains, to the Cephalosporin C nucleus.

They are classified according to the chronological order in which they were produced.

First generation Cephalosporins, were the first lot of this class of antibiotics that were produced.

See also

Medical conditions associated with first generation cephalosporins:

  • Acne
  • Bacterial Endocarditis Prevention
  • Bacterial Infection
  • Bladder Infection
  • Bone infection
  • Cholecystitis
  • Endocarditis
  • Impetigo
  • Joint Infection
  • Kidney Infections
  • Otitis Media
  • Peritonitis
  • Pharyngitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Prevention of Perinatal Group B Streptococcal Disease
  • Prostatitis
  • Septicemia
  • Skin and Structure Infection
  • Skin Infection
  • Surgical Prophylaxis
  • Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis
  • Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
  • Urinary Tract Infection

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Fibric acid derivatives or fibrates are regarded as broad-spectrum lipid lowering drugs. Their main action is to decrease triglyceride levels but they also tend to reduce low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels and help to raise high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Fibrates appear to activate a protein called peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR-alpha). PPAR-alpha activates the enzyme lipoprotein lipase and ultimately results in decreased formation of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol (which is converted into LDL cholesterol) and triglycerides and an increase in HDL cholesterol.

See also

Medical conditions associated with fibric acid derivatives:

  • High Cholesterol
  • Hyperlipoproteinemia
  • Hyperlipoproteinemia Type IIa, Elevated LDL
  • Hyperlipoproteinemia Type IIb, Elevated LDL VLDL
  • Hyperlipoproteinemia Type III, Elevated beta-VLDL IDL
  • Hyperlipoproteinemia Type IV, Elevated VLDL
  • Hyperlipoproteinemia Type V, Elevated Chylomicrons VLDL
  • Hypertriglyceridemia