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A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

In healthy individuals immune globulins are made by plasma cells when exposed by an immunogen such as a virus. Immune globulins act as antibodies against an infection. They are made up of different classes and subclasses of molecules.

The immune globulin used for therapeutic purposes is made from healthy human blood that has a high level of antibodies. Immune globulins are given to those with a weak immune system to strengthen or act as the body

See also

Medical conditions associated with immune globulins:

  • Autoimmune Neutropenia
  • Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Botulism
  • Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Cytomegalovirus Infection
  • Evan's Syndrome
  • Exposure to Hepatitis B Virus
  • Hepatitis A
  • HIV Infection
  • Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
  • Kawasaki Disease
  • Measles
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Polymyositis/Dermatomyositis
  • Primary Immunodeficiency Syndrome
  • Rabies Prophylaxis
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus
  • Rh-Isoimmunization
  • Rubella
  • Smallpox Vaccine Reaction
  • Tetanus
  • Tetanus Prophylaxis
  • Varicella-Zoster

Immunologic agents are drugs that can modify the immune response, either by enhancing or suppressing the immune system. They are used to fight infections, prevent and treat certain diseases.

Immunologic agents include drugs used for immunosuppression to prevent graft rejection. They can be used as cancer chemotherapy agents. Some immunologic agents can down-regulate the inflammatory process and can be used to treat inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune conditions and so on.

See also

  • BLyS-specific inhibitors
  • immunostimulants
    • interleukins
    • other immunostimulants
    • therapeutic vaccines
  • interferons
  • sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulators
  • tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors
  • vaccine combinations

Immunosuppressive agents are drugs that suppress the immune system and reduce the risk of rejection of foreign bodies such as transplant organs. Different classes of immunosuppressive agents have different mechanism of action. Now immunosuppressive agents are used as cancer chemotherapy, in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and to treat severe allergy. As immunosuppressive agents lower the immunity there is increased risk of infection.

See also

  • calcineurin inhibitors
  • interleukin inhibitors
  • other immunosuppressants
  • selective immunosuppressants
  • TNF alfa inhibitors

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

See also

Medical conditions associated with interleukins:

  • Melanoma
  • Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Thrombocytopenia Drug Induced

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Inhaled corticosteroids act locally in the lungs to inhibit the inflammatory process, which causes asthma. They are potent anti-inflammatory agents and effectively reduce asthma symptoms. Corticosteroids prevent asthma attacks and improve lung function. Inhaled corticosteroids may also be used to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that has an asthmatic component.

Inhaled corticosteroids deliver the medicine directly into the lungs so a smaller dose of corticosteroid is sufficient to control the symptoms. This minimizes the amount of corticosteroid that is absorbed systemically, so reduces the occurrence of side effects which one would normally experience while on long-term oral corticosteroid use.

See also

Medical conditions associated with inhaled corticosteroids:

  • Asthma
  • Asthma, Maintenance
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis
  • Bronchitis
  • Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
  • Crohn's Disease
  • Crohn's Disease, Acute
  • Crohn's Disease, Maintenance
  • Eosinophilic Esophagitis
  • Hay Fever
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Nasal Polyps

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Inotropic agents affect the contraction of the heart muscle. Positive inotropes stimulate and increase the strength of heart muscle contraction causing the heart rate to increase. Negative inotropic agents weaken the force of muscular contractions.

Inotropic state depends on the amount of calcium in the cytoplasm of the heart muscle wall, as contractility of the heart depends on control of intracellular calcium i.e. control of calcium entry into the cell membrane and calcium storage in the sarcoplasmic reticulum. The main factors controlling calcium entry are activity of voltage gated calcium channels and sodium ions, which affects calcium/sodium ion exchange.

Positive inotropes usually increase the level of intracellular calcium and negative inotropes decrease it.

See also

Medical conditions associated with inotropic agents:

  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Heart Failure
  • Nonobstructive Oliguria
  • Shock

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Insulin is a polypeptide hormone that is important for regulating the amount of glucose in the blood. It is produced in the pancreas by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans.

Insulin given by injection acts similar to endogenous insulin. There are more than 20 different types of insulin available for diabetes treatment in the United States. The various types of insulin differ in several ways: such as source (animal, human or genetically engineered), the time for insulin to take effect and the length of time the insulin remains working. Different types of insulin have been developed to satisfy the needs of individual patients.

Insulin is classified according to how it works in the body (onset, peak and duration) and whether it is rapid acting, short acting, intermediate acting, long acting or very long acting.

Insulin is used to treat Type 1 diabetes and it may be used together with oral medication in later stages of Type 2 diabetes.

See also

Medical conditions associated with insulin:

  • Diabetes, Type 1
  • Diabetes, Type 2
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis
  • Gestational Diabetes
  • Growth Hormone Reserve Test
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Insulin Resistance Syndrome
  • Nonketotic Hyperosmolar Syndrome

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

See also

Medical conditions associated with interleukin inhibitors:

  • Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes
  • Familial Cold Autoinflammatory Syndrome
  • Gout
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
  • Muckle Wells Syndrome
  • Organ Transplant, Rejection Prophylaxis
  • Psoriasis
  • Psoriatic Arthritis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Schnitzler Syndrome
  • Still's Disease

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Intravenous nutritional products are also called parenteral nutrition. They supplement oral food intake. Partial parenteral nutrition provides only part of the patient

See also

Medical conditions associated with intravenous nutritional products:

  • Fluid Retention
  • Total Parenteral Nutrition

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Inhaled anti-infectives are agents that act locally, in the lungs to treat infection. Inhaled antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infection and antiviral medicines treat viral infections. These anti-infectives are inhaled either as dry powder or as a solution via a nebulizer.

See also

Medical conditions associated with inhaled anti-infectives:

  • Bacteremia
  • Bacterial Infection
  • Bone infection
  • Burns, External
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Endocarditis
  • Febrile Neutropenia
  • Hepatitis C
  • Influenza
  • Influenza Prophylaxis
  • Intraabdominal Infection
  • Kidney Infections
  • Leishmaniasis
  • Meningitis
  • Peritonitis
  • Pneumocystis Pneumonia
  • Pneumocystis Pneumonia Prophylaxis
  • Pneumonia
  • Rabbit Fever
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus
  • Sepsis
  • Shunt Infection
  • Skin Infection
  • Swine Flu
  • Trypanosomiasis

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) is a polypeptide hormone similar to insulin. There are two types of insulin-like growth factors, IGF-1 and IGF-2, which are released upon stimulation by the growth hormone. Insulin-like growth factor binds to the IGF-1 or the IGF-2 receptor and the insulin receptor, and promotes growth and development.

Synthetic form of Insulin-like growth factor is used to treat growth failure in children, who have problems synthesizing IGF-1, which is necessary for the growth of bones and muscles.

See also

Medical conditions associated with insulin-like growth factor:

  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Primary IGF-1 Deficiency

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

See also

Medical conditions associated with in vivo diagnostic biologicals:

  • Diagnosis and Investigation
  • Dietary Supplementation
  • Thyroid Cancer

See also

  • interleukins
  • other immunostimulants
  • therapeutic vaccines

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Illicit drugs means illegal drugs, which are sold on the street. Illicit drugs generally have high addictive potential, are abused and cause harm.

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Incretin mimetics are agents that act like incretin hormones such as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). They bind to GLP-1 receptors and stimulate glucose dependent insulin release, therefore act as antihyperglycemics.

Incretin mimetics also suppress appetite and inhibit glucagon secretion. They slow gastric emptying and as a result prevent steep rise in post-prandial blood glucose levels.

Incretin mimetics are only used to treat type 2 diabetes.

See also

Medical conditions associated with incretin mimetics:

  • Diabetes, Type 1
  • Diabetes, Type 2
  • Obesity

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Iron products are preparations of iron taken either by mouth or given by injection, to correct iron deficiency in humans. Iron is an essential element. It is a component of hemoglobin (in the red blood cells) and many enzymes in the body. Iron is necessary for transfer of oxygen in the body. Iron deficiency leads to anemia, a reduction in oxygen carrying pigment hemoglobin in the blood.

See also

Medical conditions associated with iron products:

  • Anemia
  • Anemia Associated with Chronic Renal Failure
  • Anemia Associated with Iron Deficiency
  • Dietary Supplementation
  • Iron Deficiency Anemia
  • Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency
  • Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Impotence agents treat erectile dysfunction and enable men to have sexual intercourse. Generally, they cause vasodilatation and increase blood flow to the penis and cause an erection.

See also

Medical conditions associated with impotence agents:

  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus
  • Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
  • Sexual Dysfunction, SSRI Induced

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Interferons are proteins produced by tumor cells or host cells that are infected with viruses, bacteria and other unknown nucleic acids. Interferons also activate other cells that serve as part of the immune system and destroy invading pathogens.

Interferons are classed as: alpha (from white cells), beta (from fibroblasts) and gamma (from lymphocytes). Interferons enhance the immune system in many ways so can be used to treat different conditions involving the immune system.

Interferons used therapeutically are manufactured using recombinant DNA technology.

Interferon alphas are used to treat viral infections (chronic hepatitis, human papillomavirus) and treating cancer (hairy cell leukemia, AIDS related - Kaposi sarcoma, malignant melanoma).

Interferon betas are used to treat or slow down the progression of multiple sclerosis.

Interferon gamma is used to treat chronic granulomatous disease.

See also

Medical conditions associated with interferons:

  • Chronic Granulomatous Disease
  • Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy
  • Colorectal Cancer
  • Condylomata Acuminata
  • Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Neuritis
  • Osteopetrosis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis