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A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors block the activity of the mammalian target of rapamycin. Mammalian target of rapamycin is a protein kinase, which regulates growth factors that stimulate cell growth and angiogenesis. In certain cancers the mTOR pathway is more active.

Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors are used in treatment of renal cancer and is being studied for use in other types of cancers. More benefits are being seen when MTOR inhibitors are combined with other chemotherapy agents.

See also

Medical conditions associated with mTOR inhibitors:

  • Brain Tumor
  • Breast Cancer
  • Organ Transplant, Rejection Prophylaxis
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Renal Cell Carcinoma

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Meglinitides work by stimulating the pancreas to release insulin in response to a meal. It closes ATP-dependent potassium channels in functioning pancreatic beta cells. This blockade of potassium channels depolarizes the beta cells, which leads to opening of calcium channels resulting in influx of calcium. Increased intracellular calcium induces insulin secretion.

Meglitinides are used in the treatment of Type 2 diabetes.

See also

Medical conditions associated with meglitinides:

  • Diabetes, Type 2

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Mast cell stabilizers act on mast cells and prevent them from releasing substances that cause allergic reactions. They block a calcium channel that is important for degranulation (which occurs after exposure to specific antigens) of sensitized mast cells, and inhibits the release of histamine and slow-reacting substances of anaphylaxis. Mast cell stabilizers are used to prevent asthma attacks and the symptoms of seasonal or chronic allergic rhinitis.

See also

Medical conditions associated with mast cell stabilizers:

  • Asthma, Maintenance
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Systemic Mastocytosis

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Miscellaneous analgesics are drugs that work by different mechanisms to relieve pain. They are used to treat mild to moderate, acute and chronic pain.

See also

Medical conditions associated with miscellaneous analgesics:

  • Anxiety
  • Back Pain
  • Fever
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Muscle Pain
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • Pain
  • Restless Legs Syndrome
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Sciatica
  • Syringomyelia
  • Vulvodynia

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Topical mouth and throat products include agents such as antifungals, antiseptics, cough suppressants and saliva substitutes. They are used to treat conditions of the mouth and throat such as oral thrush, dry mouth, sore throat and tickly cough.

See also

Medical conditions associated with mouth and throat products:

  • Aphthous Stomatitis, Recurrent
  • Aphthous Ulcer
  • Cold Sores
  • Cough
  • Gastrointestinal Candidiasis
  • Gingivitis
  • Herpes Simplex
  • Mucositis
  • Nasal Congestion
  • Oral and Dental Conditions
  • Oral Thrush
  • Pain
  • Periodontitis
  • Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis
  • Xerostomia

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

See also

Medical conditions associated with miscellaneous GI agents:

  • Abortion
  • Cervical Ripening
  • Duodenal Ulcer
  • Duodenal Ulcer Prophylaxis
  • Endoscopy or Radiology Premedication
  • Functional Gastric Disorder
  • Gas
  • Gastrointestinal Decontamination
  • GERD
  • Gynecological Conditions
  • Hyperphosphatemia of Renal Failure
  • Indigestion
  • Labor Induction
  • NSAID-Induced Ulcer Prophylaxis
  • Postoperative Gas Pains
  • Postpartum Bleeding
  • Stomach Ulcer
  • Stomatitis
  • Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Mitotic inhibitors are drugs derived from natural plant sources. They inhibit cell division or mitosis, where a single cell divides into two genetically identical daughter cells. Mitotic inhibitors bind to tubulin and inhibit its polymerization into microtubules. Microtubules are structures responsible for pulling the cell apart when it divides. Mitotic inhibitors affect cancer cells more than normal cells because cancer cells divide (mitotic cell division) more rapidly therefore are more susceptible to mitotic inhibition.

Different mitotic inhibitors are used to treat particular types of cancers, such as leukemia, lymphoma, breast cancer, lung cancer and other types of cancers.

See also

Medical conditions associated with mitotic inhibitors:

  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma
  • Breast Cancer
  • Breast Cancer, Adjuvant
  • Breast Cancer, Metastatic
  • Cancer
  • Choriocarcinoma
  • Evan's Syndrome
  • Gastric Cancer
  • Head and Neck Cancer
  • Histiocytosis
  • Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  • Kaposi's Sarcoma
  • Lymphoma
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Mycosis Fungoides
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Small Cell Lung Cance

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Diuretics are drugs that increase the volume of urine produced by promoting the excretion of salt and water from the kidneys. There are several types of diuretics, each working in a distinct way.

Diuretics are used to reduce the edema caused due to salt and water retention in disorders of the heart, kidneys, liver or lungs. They are used commonly in treatment of hypertension.

See also

Medical conditions associated with miscellaneous diuretics:

  • Abdominal Distension
  • Cerebral Edema
  • Diagnosis and Investigation
  • Edema
  • Oliguria
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
  • Premenstrual Syndrome

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Miscellaneous antihyperlipidemic agents are used to treat hyperlipidemia. They help to decrease total cholesterol by lowering low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and triglycerides and raising high-density lipoproteins (HDL) cholesterol. Niacin (nicotinic acid) is a water-soluble B vitamin, which inhibits the synthesis of cholesterol and triglycerides, therefore lowers total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and raises HDL cholesterol levels.

See also

Medical conditions associated with miscellaneous antihyperlipidemic agents:

  • Depression
  • High Cholesterol
  • High Cholesterol, Familial Heterozygous
  • High Cholesterol, Familial Homozygous
  • Hyperlipoproteinemia
  • Hyperlipoproteinemia Type IV, Elevated VLDL
  • Hyperlipoproteinemia Type V, Elevated Chylomicrons VLDL
  • Niacin Deficiency
  • Pellagra

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Respiratory agents are drugs or a combination of drugs used to prevent, relieve or treat respiratory diseases. They can be taken as pills or liquid, for the drugs to work systemically. Or they can be available as inhalers or other forms or inhalation devices, where the medicine is delivered directly into the lungs.

See also

Medical conditions associated with miscellaneous respiratory agents:

  • Alpha-1 Proteinase Inhibitor Deficiency
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome
  • Respiratory Failure

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

See also

Medical conditions associated with multikinase inhibitors:

  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor
  • Hepatic Tumor
  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Melanoma, Metastatic
  • Myelofibrosis
  • Myeloproliferative Disorders
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Thyroid Cancer

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Miscellaneous vaginal agents generally include products with female sex hormones (either a combination of estrogen and progestin or just estrogen). These agents work locally and may be absorbed systemically as well to replace low levels of hormones during menopause. These vaginal agents are used to treat menopausal symptoms such as vaginal dryness, itching and burning.

See also

Medical conditions associated with miscellaneous vaginal agents:

  • Atrophic Urethritis
  • Atrophic Vaginitis
  • Birth Control
  • Cervicitis
  • Hypoestrogenism
  • Postmenopausal Symptoms

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Minerals and electrolytes are present in all the fluids of the body and it is essential that the right amount of minerals and electrolytes are present for the proper functioning of the body systems, muscles and so on. Minerals and electrolytes are obtained from the diet.

A change in the composition of these elements, especially electrolytes, can cause severe side effects. Certain medical conditions such as renal problems, diarrhea and vomiting, can alter the electrolyte levels. If the levels are altered significantly then they should be corrected with re-hydration to avoid the electrolyte imbalance from becoming extreme, as this can cause severe problems.

See also

Medical conditions associated with minerals and electrolytes:

  • Alkalosis
  • Asystole
  • Constipation
  • Diabetes, Type 2
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis
  • Dietary Supplementation
  • Duodenal Ulcer
  • Electromechanical Dissociation
  • Erosive Esophagitis
  • Exchange Transfusion
  • GERD
  • Heart Attack
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Hypermagnesemia
  • Hyperphosphatemia
  • Hyperphosphatemia of Renal Failure
  • Hyperuricemia Secondary to Chemotherapy
  • Hypocalcemia
  • Hypokalemia
  • Hypomagnesemia
  • Hyponatremia
  • Hypoparathyroidism
  • Hypophosphatemia
  • Indigestion
  • Metabolic Acidosis
  • Osteomalacia

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

See also

Medical conditions associated with miscellaneous uncategorized agents:

  • Acne
  • Acute Nonlymphocytic Leukemia
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  • Barium Meal Transit
  • Bleeding Disorder
  • Cardiomyopathy Prophylaxis
  • Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
  • Diagnosis and Investigation
  • Dupuytren's contracture
  • Extravasation
  • Gallbladder Contraction
  • Granuloma Annulare
  • Hyperammonemia
  • Hypercalcemia of Malignancy
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Hypodermoclysis
  • Melanoma, Metastatic
  • Mucositis
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • Pancreatic Secretion
  • Penicillin Sensitization Testing
  • Pityriasis rubra pilaris
  • Porphyria
  • Rosacea
  • Secondary Hyperparathyroidism
  • Subcutaneous Urography
  • Thrombocythemia
  • Urea Cycle Disorders

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Mineralocorticoid is a corticosteroid hormone, which is synthesized by the adrenal cortex. Aldosterone, the main mineralocorticoid, is necessary for regulation of salt and water in the body. It increases sodium re-absorption by an action on the distal tubules of the kidney.

See also

Medical conditions associated with mineralocorticoids:

  • Addison's Disease
  • Adrenogenital Syndrome
  • Dysautonomia
  • Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

See also

Medical conditions associated with miscellaneous metabolic agents:

  • Gaucher Disease
  • Phenylketonuria

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAO inhibitors) inhibit one or both forms of the enzyme monoamine oxidase and prevent the breakdown of monoamine oxidase neurotransmitters.

The substrate for MAO-A enzyme is serotonin, melatonin, epinephrine and norepinephrine and for MAO-B is phenylethylene. Dopamine is a substrate for both the isoforms A and B.

Inhibition of Type A monoamine oxidase exerts a reversible or irreversible antidepressant effect. Inhibition of both Type A and B monoamine oxidase treats depression and anxiety.

The use of monoamine oxidase inhibitors is restricted now due to the severity of their interactions with other drugs and their adverse effects.

See also

Medical conditions associated with monoamine oxidase inhibitors:

  • ADHD
  • Depression
  • Migraine Prevention
  • Parkinson's Disease