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A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Upper respiratory combinations are products that may contain one or more medicines, which relieve cough, act as decongestants or relieve allergy or hay fever symptoms.

See also

Medical conditions associated with upper respiratory combinations:

  • Allergic Urticaria
  • Allergies
  • Cold Symptoms
  • Cough
  • Cough and Nasal Congestion
  • Expectoration
  • Eye Dryness/Redness
  • Eye Redness/Itching
  • Fever
  • Hay Fever
  • Headache
  • Influenza
  • Nasal Congestion
  • Pain
  • Pain/Fever
  • Pruritus
  • Rhinitis
  • Rhinorrhea
  • Sinus Symptoms
  • Sinusitis
  • Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis
  • Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Urinary anti-infectives are drugs that are used to prevent or treat urinary tract infections. There are several classes of antibacterial agents in this category and they have different mechanisms of action. However, majority of these drugs tend to have high concentration in the urine and therefore are ideal to treat urinary tract infections, or used as prophylaxis for urinary tract infections.

See also

Medical conditions associated with urinary anti-infectives:

  • Bladder Infection
  • Methemoglobinemia
  • Otitis Media
  • Pneumocystis Pneumonia
  • Prevention of Bladder infection
  • Transurethral Prostatectomy
  • Urinary Tract Infection

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Uterotonic agents increase the uterine tone and contractions. These agents intensify uterine muscle contractions at the beginning and during labor, and during the postpartum period. Oxytocin, a hormone produced by the posterior pituitary, is a natural uterotonic.

Uterotonic agents are used to induce labor and for elected abortions. They lessen blood loss during childbirth and are extremely important in the prevention and treatment of postpartum hemorrhage.

See also

Medical conditions associated with uterotonic agents:

  • Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
  • Abortion
  • Cushing's Syndrome
  • Labor Induction
  • Migraine
  • Postpartum Bleeding
  • Trophoblastic Disease

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Urinary antispasmodics are anticholinergic agents that inhibit involuntary detrusor contractions.

There are two types of nicotinic receptors: muscle type (mainly in skeletal neuromuscular junction) or neuronal type (in autonomic ganglia, sensory nerve terminals and other regions in the central nervous system). There are three types of muscarinic receptors M1, M2, M3. M1 receptors (neural) mainly located in the central nervous system, M2 receptors (cardiac) in atria and conducting tissue, and M3 receptors (glandular) in exocrine glands, smooth muscle and vascular endothelium.

Urinary antispasmodics can be nonselective anticholinergic agents, ones that can bind to all the receptors of the cholinergic system (nicotinic and muscarinic receptors) or they can selectively block M3 (muscarinic) receptors. Selective M3 receptor blockers cause less drowsiness compared to the nonselective anticholinergic drugs, but they can cause more constipation, dry mouth and blurred vision.

Urinary antispasmodics are used to treat symptoms of urge incontinence and overactive bladder.

See also

Medical conditions associated with urinary antispasmodics:

  • Dysuria
  • Hyperhidrosis
  • Interstitial Cystitis
  • Overactive Bladder
  • Prostatitis
  • Urinary Incontinence
  • Urinary Tract Infection

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Urinary pH modifiers are agents that increase the pH of urine. They make the urine more alkaline and prevent the formation of kidney stones. Making the urine more alkaline also helps the kidneys to remove toxic substances.

See also

Medical conditions associated with urinary pH modifiers:

  • Alkalosis
  • Asystole
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis
  • GERD
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Hyperuricemia Secondary to Chemotherapy
  • Hyponatremia
  • Indigestion
  • Metabolic Acidosis
  • Nephrolithiasis
  • Renal Tubular Acidosis
  • Urinary Alkalinization